Nội dung chính của bài viết
Background: Dental caries is a multifactorial and dynamic disease caused by damage to dental hard tissues. It is known as the most common disease of oral health conditions in school-aged children. Caries can affect children’s quality of life, such as studying, recreational activities, and psychosocial well-being. In recent years, some studies done in other provinces of Vietnam reported that the rate of dental caries in primary and permanent dentition was still high. Objectives: To determine the prevalence, indices of dental caries, and oral hygiene status among students from Grade 1 to Grade 5 at Vo Truong Toan elementary school, Ninh Kieu District, Can Tho City in 2021. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on students from Grade 1 to Grade 5 at Vo Truong Toan elementary school, Ninh Kieu District, Can Tho City in the 2020 – 2021 academic year. Results: A total of 288 students (6 – 11 years of age) participated in this study with the prevalence of caries in all teeth, deciduous dentition, and permanent dentition were 94.8%, 89.9%, and 44.4%, respectively. The overall mean decayed, missing, and filled teeth index was 6.83 ± 3.96, the overall mean decayed, missing, and filled surfaces index was 11.78 ± 10.08, the overall mean significant caries index was 11.35 ± 2.14, and the overall mean untreated caries index was 0.40 ± 1.06. 78.8% of students had good and fair oral hygiene without statistically significant association with gender or age groups (p > 0.05). Conclusions: This study has shown the high prevalence of caries, so the community should carry out preventive solutions to improve correct perceptions and actions.
Chi tiết bài viết
dental caries, index, oral hygiene, students, elementary school
Tài liệu tham khảo
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