Dang Quang Vinh1,, Dang Vinh Quang1, Ngo Thi Thanh Hoa1, Nguyen Pham Truc Thanh1, Nguyen Thi Nhu Y1, Nguyen Tuyet Nhung1
1 Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy

Nội dung chính của bài viết

Tóm tắt

Background: Dental caries is a multifactorial and dynamic disease caused by damage to dental hard tissues. It is known as the most common disease of oral health conditions in school-aged children. Caries can affect children’s quality of life, such as studying, recreational activities, and psychosocial well-being. In recent years, some studies done in other provinces of Vietnam reported that the rate of dental caries in primary and permanent dentition was still high. Objectives: To determine the prevalence, indices of dental caries, and oral hygiene status among students from Grade 1 to Grade 5 at Vo Truong Toan elementary school, Ninh Kieu District, Can Tho City in 2021. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on students from Grade 1 to Grade 5 at Vo Truong Toan elementary school, Ninh Kieu District, Can Tho City in the 2020 – 2021 academic year. Results: A total of 288 students (6 – 11 years of age) participated in this study with the prevalence of caries in all teeth, deciduous dentition, and permanent dentition were 94.8%, 89.9%, and 44.4%, respectively. The overall mean decayed, missing, and filled teeth index was 6.83 ± 3.96, the overall mean decayed, missing, and filled surfaces index was 11.78 ± 10.08, the overall mean significant caries index was 11.35 ± 2.14, and the overall mean untreated caries index was 0.40 ± 1.06. 78.8% of students had good and fair oral hygiene without statistically significant association with gender or age groups (p > 0.05). Conclusions: This study has shown the high prevalence of caries, so the community should carry out preventive solutions to improve correct perceptions and actions.

Chi tiết bài viết

Tài liệu tham khảo

1. Bernabe E., Marcenes W., Hernandez C.R., Bailey J., Abreu L.G., et al. (2020), "Global, Regional, and National Levels and Trends in Burden of Oral Conditions from 1990 to 2017: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study", Journal of Dental Research, 99 (4), pp. 362-373.
2. Casanova-Rosado J.F., Casanova-Rosado A.J., Minaya-Sánchez M., Casanova-Sarmiento J.A., Robles-Minaya J.L., et al. (2021), "Self-Reported Dental Caries by Mexican Elementary and Middle-School Schoolchildren in the Context of Socioeconomic Indicators: A National Ecological Study", Children (Basel), 8 (4), p. 289.
3. Chuyen Nguyen Hong, Hoa Le Thi Thanh (2021), "The situation of dental caries among pupils at two primary schools in Doan Hung district, Phu Tho province in 2021", Vietnam Medical Journal, 504 (1), pp. 279-283.
4. Cianetti S., Lombardo G., Lupatelli E., Rossi G. (2017), "Dental caries, parents educational level, family income and dental service attendance among children in Italy", European Journal Paediatric Dentistry, 18 (1), pp. 15-18.
5. Guarnizo-Herreño C.C., Wehby G.L. (2012), "Children's dental health, school performance, and psychosocial well-being", The Journal of Pediatrics, 161 (6), pp. 1153-1159.
6. Kazeminia M., Abdi A., Shohaimi S., Jalali R., Vaisi-Raygani A., et al. (2020), "Dental caries in primary and permanent teeth in children's worldwide, 1995 to 2019: a systematic review and meta-analysis", Head & Face Medicine, 16 (1), p. 22.
7. Loc Do Giang (2012), "Distribution of Caries in Children: Variations between and within Populations", Journal of Dental Research, 91 (6), pp. 536-543.
8. Minh Nguyen Thi Hong, Binh Tran Cao, Hai Le Thi Thu (2022), "Dental caries and gingivitis in primary school students in Nam Dinh province in 2020", Vietnam Medical Journal, 513 (2), pp. 29-31.
9. Mohammadi S., Mohammadi M.A., Dadkhah B. (2021), "Dental caries prevalence among elementary school students and its relationship with body mass index and oral hygiene in Ardabil in 2019", Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, 39 (2), pp. 147-153.
10. Peres M.A., Macpherson L.M.D., Weyant R.J., Daly B., Venturelli R. (2019), "Oral diseases: a global public health challenge", The Lancet, 394 (10194), pp. 249-260.
11. Prabakar J., Arumugham I.M., Sri Sakthi D., Kumar R.P., Leelavathi L. (2020), "Prevalence and Comparison of Dental Caries experience among 5 to 12 year old school children of Chandigarh using dft/ DMFT and SiC Index: A Cross-sectional study", Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 9 (2), pp. 819-825.
12. Salim N.A., Shaini F.J., Sartawi S., Al-Shboul B. (2021), "Oral Health Status and Dental Treatment Needs in Syrian Refugee Children in Zaatari Camp", Journal of Refugee Studies, 34 (2), pp. 2492–2507.
13. Sánchez-Pérez L., Sáenz-Martínez L.P., Molina-Frechero N., Irigoyen-Camacho M.E., Zepeda-Zepeda M., et al. (2021), "Body Mass Index and Dental Caries, a Five-Year FollowUp Study in Mexican Children", International Journal of Environmental Research Public Health, 18 (14), p. 7417.
14. Tai Tran Tan (2016), Dental caries and effectiveness of community-based interventions in students at some elementary schools in Thua Thien Hue, PhD Thesis, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue University.
15. Vasavan S.K., Retnakumari N. (2022), "Assessing consequences of untreated dental caries using pufa/PUFA index among 6–12 years old schoolchildren in a rural population of Kerala", Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, 40 (2), pp. 132-139.